Background

U.S. immigrant populations experience increased rates of obesity and chronic disease, likely due to dietary acculturation.This is especially a problem for Asian immigrants, as they experience chronic health problems at a lower body mass index (BMI) than other populations.The Filipino population is the second largest and fastest growing immigrant population in Las Vegas, NV and has high self-reported rates of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes. In addition, they report low rates of physical activity. Little is known about the dietary intake and dietary acculturation of this immigrant population in Las Vegas, NV.

Methods

A group of 50 Filipino immigrants in Las Vegas, NV were surveyed in 2018.Participants were asked about their eating habits in and out of the home, age, education, and income.Body mass index (BMI) was measured and 1, 2, and 4-year risk of hypertension was calculated using the Framingham Hypertension Risk Calculator.

Results

The sample was 54% male, average age = 50.2 (SD=15.5) years, and average BMI = 27.3 (SD=4.4) kg/m2.The average four-year risk of developing new onset hypertension was 43%.The risk of developing hypertension was correlated with age (r= 0.475, p<0.001) and education (r= - 0.373, p=0.008).Those who reported eating a majority Western diet (n=25) were younger (45.7 vs. 54. 6 years, p=0.05), had more years of education (15.5 vs. 13.6, p=0.05), and were in a higher income category (p=0.02) than those who reported consuming a majority Filipino diet (n=23).There were no differences in BMI (p=0.51) or 4-year hypertension risk (p=0.23) between the two groups.

Conclusions

There appears to be two distinct groups with regards to dietary habits, those consuming a majority Western diet and those consuming a majority Filipino diet.Both groups are at risk for chronic disease, however, they may need to be targeted differently in an intervention going forward.