Background

The divorce rates in the United States are comparable to teenage and childhood overweight rates currently. At a rate of between 30 and 50%,1 more children live in single parent homes and are overweight2 than at any other time in American history. The CHIPS study is designed to determine if there is a correlation between overweight children and living in single-parent homes. As the state with highest childhood overweight rates, Mississippi's social factors including single-parent homes, may be responsible for the conundrum of obesity currently plaguing the United States.This correlation between children who are overweight and live in single parent homes has been suggested by past studies such as the 2014 study of 3,166 elementary school students from 136 schools in Norway.3 The results showed that those who had general and abdominal obesity were more prevalent among children of divorced parents.3 Another study done in Australia showed a similar increase of childhood obesity in single parent homes.41. Kazdin A. Encyclopedia of Psychology. 2000. ISBN: 978-1-55798-187-5 2. Wong C, et al. Young and not so invincible: Health behaviors and patient reported health outcomes among adolescents and young adults. Pediatrics, Feb 2018. 3. Biehl A, Hovengen R, Grøholt E, et al. Parental marital status and childhood overweight and obesity in Norway: a nationally representative cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 2014;4:e004502. 4. Kyoko M, et al (2017). Sex-specific associations with youth obesity in Queensland, Australia. Public Health. 145. 146-148. 10

Methods

Analysis of 393 overweight children were analysed using a correlation between their family background in a case controlled study design style. The participants were past and current patients of the University of Mississippi Medical Center and their data was collected through the EPIC electronic databank.

Results

There was a positive correlation between age and BMI in the population.

Conclusions

There was no correlation between BMI and parents status